Turbocharger (TCR) – a separate unit which forcibly supplies air to the engine cylinders, thus improving its treatment and improves the quality of the working mixture. One part of the tcr is associated with the engine and exhaust system driven by the energy of the exhaust gases of the engine, while the second part of the intake system. tcr is divided into two types: the tcr with a gas-driven and mechanical. Gas turbocharger can be air cooled and the cooling fluid. Mechanical blowers, there are several types: G-type compressor – G60 on cars vw Corrado and Passat, the compressor Comprex on cars Mazda 626, a compressor Ruts on American-made Buick automobiles and others. Just found the centrifugal blowers driven.
But most cars are equipped with turbines that use the energy of the exhaust gases. All modern cars are equipped with turbo which allows to increase power engine at 20-35% of the engine, turbocharged, has a higher torque at medium and high revs, which makes the car more dynamic and cost effective motion. But when braking motor vehicle stops slower due to a reduced degree of compression in the cylinders. Turbine begins to operate efficiently on diesel cars 2200-2500 rpm, the gasoline 2800 – 3500 rpm. Period of engine speed from idle before turning the turbine is called turbo-yama. Modern turbine control system to minimize the effect of turbo-pit.
Indicator of the efficiency of the turbine is the boost pressure, which in Diesel engines typically reaches up to 0.6-0.7 bar, and gasoline from 0.6-1.0 bar. Advantages of the engine with turbocharger: Value 'weight / power' in turbocharged engine is higher than that of the classical, turbocharged less cumbersome than the usual same power, torque curve with a turbine engine can be better adapted to the specific operating conditions. In this case, for example, the driver of a heavy truck will have a much less likely to shift gears on a mountain road, and self-driving would be more lenient, with a turbine engine is almost immune to significant change of height, whereas the classic engine loses power, turbocharged improves the combustion of fuel, it also helps to reduce exhaust gases from the turbine engine works more stable than the classical counterpart of the same capacity, with more power and economy. If take into account all these factors it becomes clear that it's easier just to buy a car with a turbine, what to do rework. Intake – when the piston down, air (diesel engine) or a mixture of fuel and air (gasoline engine) passes through the open intake valve. Compression – a compression of combustible mass. Extension – a mixture of air and fuel is ignited by spark (gasoline engine), diesel fuel is injected under the pressure and inflammation occurs randomly. Issue – When the piston upward, produced exhaust gases injected air passes through a pipe through the intercooler (internal air cooler) intake collector, getting into the combustion chamber. Intercooler is used to in the hottest time of year, the amount of air entering the intake manifold volume was equal to the amount of air in the cold season. Quality burnable fuel depends on the percentage of fuel-air mixture and determines the state of the engine exhaust. Diesel pump (injection pump) has a turbo equalizer, which supplies fuel relative to entering the enclosure combustion air. A similar correction occurs in the injection systems.