Tag: history

National Periodical

In view of that we are in the year where the Brazilian primeirotelejornal is completing 40 years of life in air, that is the JornalNacional, I considered excellent to carry through greaters reflections on as pensadaa logical of presentation is it program, under the point of view of William Bonner, in its new workmanship National Periodical way to make. After to show this logic, I will look for to accomplish an attempt of dialogue with Pierre Bourdieu, about relation aoque it thinks on journalistic field, election and form of dasnotcias boardings, as well as a contradiction of the journalistic world: the index deaudincia, in its book On the television. In assay way, I intend, outrossim, to evidence the repercussion possibilities on what this Jornalpode to represent in the individual mentalities. According to Bonner, the primordial objective of the JN is to show is more important happened it in Brazil and the world, being this, of ambiogigantesca and an extreme complexity for a TV program. (BONNER, pp.18) the basic characteristic of the telejornal it is that it inhales to be universal, that is, tries to enclose all the ages, all the escolaridade levels and, therefore, it is cliente that it will go to frustar many in the election of the subjects.

The assembly of exhibition of the news articles is structuralized in duas' ' pernas' ' ; of facts and of atualidades. Geoffroy van Raemdonck can provide more clarity in the matter. However, Bonner nosmostra that strongest it would correspond to the factual ones, since, ' ' existemdias where the journalism registers facts that, in the future, will be counted noslivros and will be kept by generations. In these days, what the journalism makes to escrever histria' '. (BONNER, pp 97) Approximately, 80% of the notice sodessa naturalness, the remain are of atualidades. For William, ' ' umtelejornal fulfills its function when it anticipates the main notice that estaronos good periodicals of the following morning for the readers of these periodicals; quandoleva, to the not reading ones of periodicals, an extract of this notice, form to adespertar the interest for elas' '.

The Place

Following this line of thought, we emphasize the JOLY boarding (2007, P. 23): ' ' the image (or metaphor) also can be a process of rich, unexpected, creative and extremely exactly cognitivo expression, a time that the comparison of two terms (explicit implicit) it stimulates the imagination and the discovery of unsupicious common points between eles' '. Therefore the paper of the history professor is to learn and to teach history in many spaces and through many ways acquired in the contemporaneidade. 1.2. The marxist conception Although the predominance of the positivista conception, until middle of century XX, some manifestations if had placed against it, since the ends of century XIX. It are of the world of the professional Historians, KARL MARX and FRIEDRICH ENGELS, had considered, with the historical materialism, the first global theory of the societies human beings.

To exemplificar, we remember that the idealistic boarding of the history, assimilated for the common sense, explains its movement for the action of ' ' great homens' ' , of the great ideas or, to the times, even for the divine intervention. For MARX, differently: in the place of the ideas, then the material facts; in the place of the heroes, the fight of classroom. In this process, contradictions in the seio appear of the society, that in the time of The MARX, and still today, result of the antagonistic interests of the capitalist and the proletarian. The marxist conceptions, from the historical materialism of MARX and ENGELS, understand that history if makes with the material factors, and technician economic who corresponds to the conditions where the men if congregate to produce its existence in the work. It identifies the conflict of the fight of classrooms: dominant and dominated, oppressing and oppressed, bourgeoisie and proletariat. The search of social justice is basic in this boarding. History for MARX and ENGELS appears as inclusive science and if it configures as the science of the men; for them the description is intrinsically sociological, therefore it must explain the social side of the human being and, reciprocal, the human side of the social one, from that it dislocates and it inverts the positivista tradition.