Tag: geography

Region Geography

The Influence of the Birth and the Logical Positivismo in estudo’ ‘ regional. In: region Geography. Publishing company of the University of So Paulo, SP, 1999 1.0- Introduction, in century XIX appeared in the Europe some expositions with done works of art of iron accurately to display the advances technician-scientific, to put the developed countries less had started to rebel itself poderiu against it of the developed nations, as Russia, the war of the beros in the South Africa in 1919 and of Morocco against the Frenchmen in 1926. (P. 119-120) 1.1- In the half of century XIX the cycle of pioneering knowledge of the terrestrial surface was locked in, when in 1911 Amundsen it arrives at the last point of the Planet that was the South Pole, also occurs the linking of the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific, carries through first aerial trip. The chain of return thought starts in this period exactly Kant was called of neokantismo a form of dominant philosophy in Germany, (p.121) 1.2 – Geography passes to be come back toward the general studies or a directed science the particular studies, Windelbrand defined as the science of the nature, it also looked the systematic studies of Ratzel, Humboldt, Ritter, Marthnere Richtofer. (p.121-122) 1.3 – Rettner considered Geography the science that studies the differentiation of the terrestrial surface and the study of the relation between the man and the way, for it is much more complex the Geographic study and that the same study of the geography based on the regional analysis in a scale that does not have very to be nor great very small nor, (p.123-125) 1.4 – For Hartshorne, geography is at the same time, a science of the nature and of society and that it does not have a group of particular phenomena geography, of this form geography looks for to explain all the phenomena that occur in one definitive one.

The Regional Migrations

In the international scope, the predominant trend is the circulation of indocumentadas migrantes, had difficulties to enter legally developed countries more takes many people to try clandestine methods. A time that without the necessary documentation for its legalization, is subjected pssimas life conditions, inhabit small collective cmodos and are obliged to work 16 hours per day, when they obtain to exceed the borders, where many die in this ticket. According to Adas (2001, P. 140): The Europeans, Africans and Asians who had emigrated to Brazil and more the aboriginals whom already they live here are the formadores of our population. Immigration for Brazil if became greater later that the traffic of slaves was abolished and when the cafeicultura started to need man power. However, search and conflict politicians and wars, problems and discriminations deep ethical of qualified studies they are some of the reasons of the migrations, where many times, increase the increasing poverty, the unemployment and the hunger in the great cities, but on the other hand, it is a world of chances; the migrante enriches the culture, the plurality and the differences between nations.

The Regional Migrations the history of the migrations was born, especially, because the people wanted to improve its conditions of life, that is, what more it has hung as the causes of the migrations or displacement of the population in the space, being able to be in some ways: international migrations, nomadismo, or daily transumncia, interregional, agricultural-urban, pendular interns or. In recent years one verified great changes in the Brazilian migratory standard. The population of the regions poor already more is not attracted for the metropolises southeastern, seen that, the economic decentralization, or industrial, is leaving this region for another one. According to Moreira (2004, P. 160): Since the end century XIX, the Northeast has been a region of great migratory movement in some directions: dumb from the agricultural zone for urban, it runs away from the areas droughts more, they look the regional metropolises, they leave its state of origin, leaves the region.