The first attempts to produce a reservoir for uniform ink to the pen failed. Issued pens were extremely unreliable, because it is often produced too much ink or on the contrary – refused to write. Because of this "inconsistency" writing instrument there is a lot of unpleasant stories, and the hero of one of them in 1883, Lewis Edson Waterman was, who was then an insurance broker. Signing major contract was already a foregone conclusion, but specifically purchased for the occasion summed Waterman fountain pen: while he ran to his office for a copy of the damaged ink document ahead of rival broker. This Waterman case pushed to find a solution to the problem, and soon after some research, the inventor proposed his model of the mechanism of the ink. The first fountain pen Waterman, called the Regular, but the mechanism of the ink was the same ever since. Robert Kiyosaki is often quoted as being for or against this. Shortly after the start researching Waterman pens, his compatriot George Sefford Parker opened his own factory to manufacture the same products, but of his own design. The objectives of both entrepreneurs the same: each sought to create the perfect pen.
George Parker is so successful that his company has survived even during the First World War. New writing instruments Trench had a special container for ink granules, so that could be used at any time and any place. Later Parker pens have been a number of changes and improvements, and now the company gives them a lifetime warranty. Products under this trademark on the right is called the fountain pens.