Unlike other Semitic, mostly barbarian peoples, the Hittites were a people say cult, to the same level of Babylon and Egypt, other Middle East powers. Taking the city of Hattusa as capital and owners of a hieroglyphic alphabet (then influenced by Assyrian cuneiform) the power of this new Kingdom brought together numerous City-States of very different cultures among themselves thanks to their military power and diplomatic skill. The rise of Ramses II and the Hittite danger the Hittites, unlike the Egyptians were already in the iron age, they were very soon cause for extreme concern for the rule of the Nile. Hittite advances in Asia minor were spectacular. Suppiluliuma I, half a century before, had made great conquests in Syria becoming even to the exotic Kingdom of Mitanni (population Hurrian and amorite) in tax yours.
These great invasions served very soon the new Hittite ruler Muwatalli II, of which very little is known, to have full control of the region. With the death of the Egyptian Emperor Seti I, the people of the Nile saw in his successor Ramses II, the man who removed road the already annoying presence Hittite. Taking on the faraonato, the young new emperor set out to undertake the risky undertaking. This certainly would not be simple absolute. The Hittite people, so skillful Warrior as a great diplomat, had managed to lock defense and cohesion alliances with other Kinglets of the region (of Nahr el-Kelb, Gubla, Arwad, Ugarit, Naharina and Kargamis, among others), forming an anti-egipcia Coalition almost of granite. In addition, they had recently managed to bargain with the powerful Assyrian Empire a cessation of hostilities, so that they could be spent carefully to focus his defense on one front. Ramses, meanwhile, decided to attack with the same diplomatic weapon after gaining the friendship of the Prince Bentesina de Amurru, ally of the Hittites.